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Thursday 13th June
Swaziland Facts
The highest point in Swaziland - now eSwatini, the "land of the Swazis" - is Emlembe (1,862 m).

Present-day Swaziland has been inhabited since the Stone Age.

Rock paintings, possibly by the San people, have been found throughout Swaziland.

The Swazi people migrated to Swaziland around 1750.

The name "Swazi" was derived from the name of a Swazi King, Mswati.

The Kingdom of Swaziland is one of three remaining monarchies in Africa. The other two are Lesotho and Morocco.

The Kingdom of Swaziland is one of the smallest countries in Africa.

The ancestral home of the Swazi people is on the coast of the Indian Ocean, near Maputo in Mozambique.

Every year the people of Swaziland celebrate Ncwala, the Festival of the First Fruits.

Ncwala begins with a journey by Swazi representatives to the Indian Ocean to collect ocean foam. When the water gatherers return to the King's residence, ceremonies take place over a six day period.

By the middle of the nineteenth century Boers had started to farm land in Swaziland.

Following wars between the Boer Republics and the British, Swaziland became a British Protectorate (1902).

Swaziland gained independence in 1968.

After independence Swaziland kept ties with Britain through the Commonwealth.

In 1986 Mswati III became the ruler of the Kingdom of Swaziland.

The Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary, Swaziland's first sanctuary for wild animals, was founded by Ted Reilly on his family farm in the 1960s.

Endangered animals, such as the black rhino, have been introduced to protected areas in Swaziland.

The University of Swaziland was founded in 1982.

In 2002 many people in Swaziland needed food aid because of drought.

2007 saw protests in Manzini calling for democratic reform.

In 2018 King Mswati officially changed the country name to Eswatini.

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