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Thursday 23rd May
Bhutan Facts
Bhutan is a small landlocked country between India and China (Chinese autonomous region of Tibet).

The highest point in the Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan is Kula Kangri (7,553 m).

Bhutan is known as the Land of the Thunder Dragon (Druk-yul) because of violent storms which occur in the region.

Buddhism was introduced to Bhutan in the middle of the seventh century.

The first two Buddhist monasteries were built in Bhutan between 630 and 640.

Border conflicts between the British in India and the Bhutanese began in the eighteenth century.

Britain and Bhutan fought the Duar War in 1864 and 1865. Following the war, the Treaty of Sinchulu ceded land to British India in return for an annual payment.

The Bhutanese monarchy was founded in 1907.

Gongsar Ugen Wangchuck, the first King of Bhutan, reigned until 1926.

In 1910, a Treaty between Bhutan and the United Kingdom gave the UK control over Bhutan's foreign affairs.

India took over the UK's role in Bhutan following India's independence in 1947 - land ceded to the British in 1865 was returned to Bhutan.

Ugen Wangchuck was succeeded by his son Jigme Wangchuck, who ruled until 1952.

Jigmi Dorji Wangchuck, the third Bhutanese king (1952 to 1972), was known as the Father of Modern Bhutan.

King Jigmi Singye Wangchuck, the fourth king of Bhutan (1972 to 2006), gave up the king's role as head of Bhutan's government.

The first foreign tourists were allowed into Bhutan in 1974.

Limited television and internet access were introduced to Bhutan in 1999.

King Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicated in December 2006.

In November 2008 Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck became the fifth monarch of Bhutan at the age of twenty-eight.

In 2000 around two hundred people were killed when Bhutan experienced flooding and landslides.

Glaciers beginning to melt are causing floods and landslides.

USAID commented that the communities of the high mountains of Bhutan were among the first to experience the impacts of climate change on their pastures and changing water supplies.

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