Gibraltar Information - Page 2
It was thought that Neanderthal man, who lived in Asia and Western Europe around two hundred thousand years ago, became extinct about thirty thousand years ago. However, evidence has been uncovered which proves that a group lived in Gorham's Cave in Gibraltar, much later, between twenty-eight and twenty-four thousand years ago.
Gibraltar is a strategic point between Europe and Africa and was visited by seafarers such as Phoenicians and Romans.
The Rock was captured by an Arab army under the leadership of Tariq Ibn Ziyad in 711.
In 1501 Gibraltar was annexed to Spain. During the War of Spanish Succession, in the 1700s, Gibraltar was lost to England.
Gibraltar was formally ceded to Britain under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 and became a British crown colony in 1830.
Gibraltar is a small Territory covering an area of 6.5 square kilometers.
Economic activities include financial services, shipping, ship repairing and tourism. Gibraltar is also known as an international conference centre.
Discoveries in the Gorham's Cave Complex will give a boost to the economy; there is the potential for some economic growth and the creation of jobs in the heritage sector. All this ties in with Gibraltarís new university and studies in subjects such as palaeontology and tourism.
Cultural institutions include Gibraltar's Theatre Royal, and John Mackintosh Hall which houses a theatre and exhibition galleries.
St. Michael's Cave, known to the Romans in the first century, is used for drama, ballet and concerts.
Other organizations are the Gibraltar National Choir, the Gibraltar Philharmonic Society and the Gibraltar Regiment Band.
A variety of events take place in Casemates Square.
Sports played are cricket, football, rugby, volleyball, basketball, netball and tennis. Teams take part in international competitions including the Commonwealth Games.
King's Bastion, part of the former defence system of Gibraltar, is now a leisure centre with a bowling alley and indoor ice rink on the floor above.
Popular water sports in Gibraltar are swimming, sailing and windsurfing. Stand Up Paddleboarding also takes place in Gibraltar.
Easter, Christmas and all religious holidays are celebrated.
Other holidays include New Year's Day - 1 January, Commonwealth Day - 13 March, May Day - 1 May, and National Day - 10 September (1967).
News from Gibraltar is available from Newslink.
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