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Wednesday 12th June
Uganda Facts
The name Uganda was derived from the ancient Kingdom of Buganda.

Buganda is in the south-central region of Uganda. The Kabaka was the Bugandan ruler.

The first ruler of the Kingdom of Buganda was Kato Kintu who united the clans living in the region.

The Tombs of the Buganda Kings at Kasubi are a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The Ishango Bone, a mathematical instrument dated around 6500 BC, was discovered close to the Congo's border with Uganda.

Kibiro, on the shores of Lake Albert, is village which has produced salt for over eight hundred years.

John Hanning Speke visited Uganda in 1862; he discovered that Lake Victoria was a source of the Nile.

The explorers, Florence and Samuel Baker, were the first Europeans to see Lake Albert and the Murchison Falls.

Kampala, Uganda's capital, is sometimes called the "city of seven hills" although it now covers more than twenty.

The name Kampala may be derived from impala, an antelope hunted by the kings of Buganda.

Uganda is famous for gorillas that live in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and the Mgahinga National Park.

The British East Africa Company was trading in Uganda by the end of the 1880s.

Uganda gained independence in 1962.

Kabaka Mutesa II became the first President and Head of State.

Uganda is a member of the Commonwealth.

Some of the Asian Ugandan community were the descendants of people from India brought to Uganda by the British to build the railways. (People from the Indian sub-continent migrated to East Africa many years before the colonialists and others came after the British as independent businessmen and farmers).

The Asian Ugandans became a successful business community in Uganda.

In 1972 Idi Amin gave the Asian community ninety days to leave Uganda.

Twenty-seven thousand expelled Asian Ugandans were British passport holders who moved to the UK. Many settled in Leicester.

On 27 June 1976 a hijacked plane en route to Tel Aviv, in Israel, landed at Entebbe in Uganda. Two groups of non-Israeli passengers (a total of one hundred and forty-eight) were freed, but Israeli passengers were kept as hostages. The hijackers wanted the release of prisoners held on charges of terrorism. On 3 July Israeli Defence Forces rescued one hundred and three passengers from the Entebbe Terminal Building. Lieutenant Colonel Jonathan Netanyahu, brother of Benjamin Netanyahu, was killed in action.

On 14 August 1992 Mbale in Uganda experienced a meteorite fall when many stones fell through the roofs of buildings.

Many African countries experienced severe flooding in September 2007. Uganda had its worst floods for thirty years.

In July 2010 bomb attacks on people watching the World Cup final at a restaurant and a rugby club in Kampala killed over seventy people.

In 2012 many thousands of refugees arrived in Uganda, fleeing the fighting in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

An Ebola outbreak, declared on 20 September 2022, spread from Mubende to nearby districts and the capital Kampala.

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