World InfoZone - WIZ Around The World
Friday 24th May
Solomon Islands Facts
The Solomon Islands consist of around nine hundred islands.

Guadalcanal is the largest of the Solomon Islands.

Other important islands include Choiseul, San Cristobal, Santa Isabel, Malaita and New Georgia.

Mount Makarakomburu, on Guadalcanal, is the highest point (2,447 m) in the Solomon Islands.

Kavachi, in the Solomon Islands, is an active underwater volcano.

The Marovo Lagoon, New Georgia, is the world's largest salt water lagoon.

East Rennell is the largest raised coral atoll in the world.

Lake Tegano, a former lagoon, on Rennell, is the largest lake (15,500 hectares) in the South Pacific.

The Arnavon Islands provide an important nesting area for endangered Hawksbill Turtles.

Evidence of early human occupation, dating back to 26000 BC, has been found on the Solomon Islands.

Alvaro de Mendana de Neyra, the Spanish explorer, was the first European to visit the Solomon Islands.

Mendana (1541-1596), the nephew of the Governor of Peru, named the Solomon Islands after King Solomon. He thought the islands were the location of King Solomon's mines as legends told of Incas visiting the islands and returning with gold and silver.

From 1899 until 1976 the United Kingdom governed the Solomon Islands, apart from the war years of 1942 to 1945 when the Japanese occupied the islands.

The Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-3) saw some of the fiercest fighting of World War Two. Many ships were sunk in the sea off Honiara.

The Solomon Islands became an independent country on 7 July 1978.

The Solomon Islands is a member of the Commonwealth.

The monarch of the UK became the Chief of State of the Solomon Islands in 1952 and is represented by a Governor General.

The Melanesian countries of Fiji, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands belong to the Melanesian Spearhead Group, a Free Trade Area Agreement.

The Solomon Islands is a member of the University of the South Pacific in Suva (Fiji). Other members are the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Niue, Samoa, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.

Cyclone Zoe devastated the land and destroyed many buildings on the islands of Tikopia and Anuta in December 2002.

In July 2003 civil unrest led to the deployment of Australian-led peacekeeping forces on the Solomon Islands.

Solomon Islands People's First Network was invited to the 2004 Stockholm Challenge: "The only recent technology that helps the rural populace is the Internet. It brings people close to each other. It brings the world close to our doorsteps and makes the universe small and within our reach. It makes us understand that despite our remoteness we are still part of the one global society".

A tsunami in April 2007 left thousands homeless in the Solomon Islands. Over thirty people lost their lives.

A national disaster was declared in February 2009 after heavy rain and flooding on Guadalcanal island.

In January 2010 around one thousand were left homeless after landslides. These were caused by a tsunami triggered by an earthquake in the Solomon Islands.

In February 2013 an earthquake caused a tsunami that took the lives of at least nine people.

Over twenty people died in April 2014 when tropical cyclone Ita caused some of the worst flash flooding in the history of the Solomon Islands.

A large earthquake near the Solomon Islands in 2022 shook buildings and caused power failure in Honiara.

On 29 June 2023 it was reported that the prime minister of the Solomon Islands called for a review of the country's security treaty with Australia in view of the competition in the region between China, the USA and its allies.

Solomon Islands Sections
Geography Environment
Architecture Population
Languages Religion
Food History
Economy Arts
Sport Holidays

Solomon Islands
Read Changing Life in Solomon Islands


Terms Of Use
Terms of Use and Copyright

Stockholm Challenge

Rome GJC Challenge

© 1997 - 2024 World InfoZone Ltd