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Tuesday 12th December
Equatorial Guinea Information - Page 1
Geography
The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is in Western Africa. The mainland is bordered by the Bight of Biafra, Cameroon and Gabon.

Equatorial Guinea consists of Rio Muni, the mainland, and a number of islands including Annobon, Bioko and Corisco. Malabo, the capital, is on Bioko. Bata is the largest town on the mainland.

The coastal plains of the mainland rise to interior hills. The islands of Annobon and Bioko are part of a chain of extinct volcanoes.

The climate of Equatorial Guinea is tropical.

Environment
Parks in Equatorial Guinea include Monte Alen National Park, an area of rainforest on the mainland.

Ramsar listings of Wetlands of International Importance are the Reserva Natural del Estuario del Muni, the Rio Ntem o Campo, and the small Isla de Annobon.

Primates in Equatorial Guinea include the colobus monkey and the lowland gorilla. A variety of birds inhabit the mainland and the islands. Marine turtles nesting on the islands are the Green, Hawksbill, Leatherback and Olive Ridley.

Architecture
Colonial architecture, such as the cathedral, can be seen in Malabo. There are also a number of Spanish buildings in Bata on the mainland.

Since the development of the oil industry in the 1990s there has been a growth in modern architecture.

Population
The population of Equatorial Guinea was estimated at 616,460 in 2008.

Languages
Spanish and French are official languages. Pidgin English is spoken. Local languages include Fang, Bubi, and Ibo.

Religion
Many of the people are Christians, predominantly Roman Catholics. Indigenous religions are followed.

Food
Cassava, a staple food in Equatorial Guinea, is often served with fish or meat. Rice is also eaten.

Vegetables and fruits available include leafy vegetables, sweet potatoes, yams, plantains, bananas, coconuts, mangoes and pineapples.

Coffee is grown. Beer, palm wine, and sugarcane alcohol are produced locally.

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